Institutional Review Board
The IRB is a University committee composed of faculty members who are appointed by the institution and a community representative. The IRB is responsible for reviewing all research activities involving human subjects regardless of the source of funding. The mission of the IRB is to promote and safeguard research activity that involves human subjects within the academic community.
What is Subject to IRB Review?
A human subject is a living individual about whom an investigator obtains
- Data through intervention: manipulation of an individual’s environment for research purposes (i.e., introduction of new instructional methods)
- Data through interaction: including both communication (written or oral) and interpersonal contact between a researcher and subject (i.e., surveys, interviews, focus groups)
- Private Information: through a third party, with or without the subject’s knowledge (i.e., medical records, assessment results)
Research is defined as “a systematic investigation, including research, development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.” A systematic investigation is an activity that involves a prospective plan incorporating data collection (quantitative or qualitative) and data analysis to answer a question. Investigations designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge are those that are designed to draw general conclusions, inform policy, or facilitate change in practice.
Research results do not have to be published or presented to qualify the experiment or data gathering as research. Participants deserve protection regardless of whether the research is published.
An example of a project that would not be considered human subjects research is a student project that occurs in the classroom if there is no intention of using the results for any purpose other than a class assignment. This type of project is undertaken as a learning experience to help students understand the process of conducting research, and the focus is not on producing meaningful results. In these cases, only the student and instructor have access to the results, and the project’s purpose ends when a grade is assigned. However, some class assignments are undertaken as part of a project with a broader purpose that makes them subject to IRB review. For example, if a student intends to later use data collected as part of a class assignment for a thesis project or if a student plans to share the results with an audience outside the classroom, he or she should seek IRB approval prior to initiating the data collection process. Thesis or dissertation projects conducted to meet the requirement of a degree require IRB review and approval any time human subjects are involved.
Researchers often assume that the “exempt” category means that a project is exempt from the IRB review process, but this is not the case for any study that involves human subjects. Exempt means that a project is exempt from further review by the IRB, and only the IRB has the authority to classify a project as exempt. A determination of exemption requires that the researcher complete training on the use of human subjects in research and submit an application for exemption to the IRB. The federal regulations include specific categories of exemption, and any research procedures falling outside those categories must be reviewed through expedited or full review procedures.
Questions about whether a project requires IRB review and other questions about the IRB process can be directed to Lisa Royalty, IRB Administrator.
To apply for IRB approval, please follow the procedures outlined here.